PMID: 15516706
Title: Unwelcome guests with master keys how HIV enters cells and how it can be stopped
Abstract: HIV entry to host cells begins with binding of the viral envelope protein to CD4 molecules on the host cell surface. This binding initiates conformational changes in the envelope protein that result in binding to a coreceptor (CCR5 or CXCR4), exposure of a previously hidden domain in the viral protein, insertion of a viral fusion peptide into the host-cell membrane and fusing the viral and cell membranes. Each of these steps provides an opportunity for intervention to prevent viral entry, and a number of agents targeting these steps are in development. Studies of coreceptor inhibitors and fusion inhibitors have indicated the presence of host and viral factors that can result in variability of antiretroviral effect. Improved understanding of these factors will help to guide clinical use of these new agents. This article summarizes a presentation by Robert W. Doms, MD, PhD, at the International AIDS Society-USA course in Chicago in May 2004.
Date: 1970-08-20
Year: 2004
Journal: Top HIV Med
PMID Author: Doms RW

Media Contacts

Africa

Ethel Makila
+254 71 904 3142
EMakila@iavi.org

 

Europe

Hester Kuipers
+31 20 521 0343
HKuipers@iavi.org 

 

India

Saif ul Hadi
+91 11 4737 6032
SulHadi@iavi.org 

 

United States

Rose Catlos
+1 212 847 1049
RCatlos@iavi.org