PMID: 22961108
Title: Lymph node T cell responses predict the efficacy of live attenuated SIV vaccines
Abstract: Live attenuated simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) vaccines (LAVs) remain the most efficacious of all vaccines in nonhuman primate models of HIV and AIDS, yet the basis of their robust protection remains poorly understood. Here we show that the degree of LAV-mediated protection against intravenous wild-type SIVmac239 challenge strongly correlates with the magnitude and function of SIV-specific, effector-differentiated T cells in the lymph node but not with the responses of such T cells in the blood or with other cellular, humoral and innate immune parameters. We found that maintenance of protective T cell responses is associated with persistent LAV replication in the lymph node, which occurs almost exclusively in follicular helper T cells. Thus, effective LAVs maintain lymphoid tissue-based, effector-differentiated, SIV-specific T cells that intercept and suppress early wild-type SIV amplification and, if present in sufficient frequencies, can completely control and perhaps clear infection, an observation that provides a rationale for the development of safe, persistent vectors that can elicit and maintain such responses.
Date: 1970-08-21
Year: 2013
Journal: Nat. Med.
PMID Author: Fukazawa Y, Park H, Cameron MJ, Lefebvre F, Lum R, Coombes N, Mahyari E, Hagen SI, Bae JY, Reyes MD, Swanson T, Legasse AW, Sylwester A, Hansen SG, Smith AT, Stafova P, Shoemaker R, Li Y, Oswald K, Axthelm MK, McDermott A, Ferrari G, Montefiori DC, Edlefsen PT, Piatak M, Lifson JD, Sékaly RP, Picker LJ
PMC Link #: PMC3493820

Media Contacts

Africa

Ethel Makila
+254 71 904 3142
EMakila@iavi.org

 

Europe

Hester Kuipers
+31 20 521 0343
HKuipers@iavi.org 

 

India

Saif ul Hadi
+91 11 4737 6032
SulHadi@iavi.org 

 

United States

Rose Catlos
+1 212 847 1049
RCatlos@iavi.org