PMID: 25013080
Title: HIV transmission Selection bias at the heterosexual HIV 1 transmission bottleneck
Abstract: Heterosexual transmission of HIV-1 typically results in one genetic variant establishing systemic infection. We compared, for 137 linked transmission pairs, the amino acid sequences encoded by non-envelope genes of viruses in both partners and demonstrate a selection bias for transmission of residues that are predicted to confer increased in vivo fitness on viruses in the newly infected, immunologically naïve recipient. Although tempered by transmission risk factors, such as donor viral load, genital inflammation, and recipient gender, this selection bias provides an overall transmission advantage for viral quasispecies that are dominated by viruses with high in vivo fitness. Thus, preventative or therapeutic approaches that even marginally reduce viral fitness may lower the overall transmission rates and offer long-term benefits even upon successful transmission.
Date: 1970-08-22
Year: 2014
Journal: Science
PMID Author: Carlson JM, Schaefer M, Monaco DC, Batorsky R, Claiborne DT, Prince J, Deymier MJ, Ende ZS, Klatt NR, DeZiel CE, Lin TH, Peng J, Seese AM, Shapiro R, Frater J, Ndung'u T, Tang J, Goepfert P, Gilmour J, Price MA, Kilembe W, Heckerman D, Goulder PJ, Allen TM, Allen S, Hunter E
PMC Link #: PMC4289910
HIV transmission. Selection bias at the heterosexual HIV-1 transmission bottleneck. Science 2014;345(6193):1254031 doi: 10.1126/science.1254031

Media Contacts

Africa

Ethel Makila
+254 71 904 3142
EMakila@iavi.org

 

Europe

Hester Kuipers
+31 20 521 0343
HKuipers@iavi.org 

 

India

Saif ul Hadi
+91 11 4737 6032
SulHadi@iavi.org 

 

United States

Rose Catlos
+1 212 847 1049
RCatlos@iavi.org