PMID: 30474059
Title: HIV 1 vaccine design through minimizing envelope metastability
Abstract: Overcoming envelope metastability is crucial to trimer-based HIV-1 vaccine design. Here, we present a coherent vaccine strategy by minimizing metastability. For 10 strains across five clades, we demonstrate that the gp41 ectodomain (gp41) is the main source of envelope metastability by replacing wild-type gp41 with BG505 gp41 of the uncleaved prefusion-optimized (UFO) design. These gp41-swapped trimers can be produced in CHO cells with high yield and high purity. The crystal structure of a gp41-swapped trimer elucidates how a neutralization-resistant tier 3 virus evades antibody recognition of the V2 apex. UFO trimers of transmitted/founder viruses and UFO trimers containing a consensus-based ancestral gp41 suggest an evolutionary root of metastability. The gp41-stabilized trimers can be readily displayed on 24- and 60-meric nanoparticles, with incorporation of additional T cell help illustrated for a hyperstable 60-mer, I3-01. In mice and rabbits, these gp140 nanoparticles induced tier 2 neutralizing antibody responses more effectively than soluble trimers.
Date: 1970-08-22
Year: 2018
Journal: Sci Adv
PMID Author: He L, Kumar S, Allen JD, Huang D, Lin X, Mann CJ, Saye-Francisco KL, Copps J, Sarkar A, Blizard GS, Ozorowski G, Sok D, Crispin M, Ward AB, Nemazee D, Burton DR, Wilson IA, Zhu J
PMC Link #: PMC6248932
IAVI Topics: HIV Immunogen Design

HIV-1 vaccine design through minimizing envelope metastability. Sci Adv 2018;4(11):eaau6769 doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aau6769

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