PMID: 28695141
Title: Hepatitis B Virus Incidence and Risk Factors Among Human Immunodeficiency Virus 1 Negative Men Who Have Sex With Men in Kenya
Abstract: No data exist on hepatitis B virus (HBV) incidence among African men who have sex with men (MSM). We tested plasma samples archived between 2005 and 2014 for HBV core antibody or surface antigen seroconversion in a cohort of 312 initially human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1-negative MSM with no evidence of prior HBV infection. Hepatitis B virus incidence was 6.0/100 person-years (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.9-9.1). Hepatitis B virus acquisition was associated with being uncircumcised (adjusted incidence rate ratio [aIRR], 5.0; 95% CI, 1.5-16.8), recent HIV-1 acquisition (aIRR, 2.9; 95% CI, 1.1-7.7), rape (aIRR, 5.0; 95% CI, 1.2-20.4), and any tertiary education (aIRR, 3.2; 95% CI, 1.1-9.7). African MSM have a substantial risk of HBV acquisition and require vaccination urgently.
Date: 1970-08-22
Year: 2017
Journal: Open Forum Infect Dis
PMID Author: Wahome E, Ngetsa C, Mwambi J, Gelderblom HC, Manyonyi GO, Micheni M, Hassan A, Price MA, Graham SM, Sanders EJ
PMC Link #: PMC5499746
IAVI Topics: HIV Epidemiology

Media Contacts

Africa

Ethel Makila
+254 71 904 3142
EMakila@iavi.org

 

Europe

Hester Kuipers
+31 20 521 0343
HKuipers@iavi.org 

 

Global

Anita Kawatra
+1 212 847 1055
AKawatra@iavi.org 

 

India

Saif ul Hadi
+91 11 4737 6032
SulHadi@iavi.org 

 

United States

Rose Catlos
+1 212 847 1049
RCatlos@iavi.org