Helical peptide arrays for lead identification and interaction site mapping
Libraries composed of linear and cyclic peptides cannot fully represent the higher order structures of most antigenic sites. To map the binding site of ligands or antibodies, a larger part of the three-dimensional space should be sampled. Because parallel synthesis of large arrays of peptides on hydrogels is restricted to relatively small peptides, a simple and robust homodimeric helical system was chosen for antigen presentation. First, it was established in an heterodimeric system that the 26-mer peptide could be synthesized and that the helical coiled-coil peptides interact in the hydrogel in a predictable manner. Next, libraries of homodimeric coiled coils were synthesized into which the epitope was grafted. Using dedicated helical dimeric and trimeric coiled-coil libraries, the epitopes of two anti-HIV-1 gp41 monoclonal antibodies known to interact with helical structures were mapped at high resolution. These mappings precisely reflect existing X-ray data, and the arrays can be applied to lead identification, epitope mapping, and systematic analysis of amino acid contribution to coiled-coil systems.
Langedijk JP, Zekveld MJ, Ruiter M, Corti D, Back JW