PMID: 27841852
Title: An HIV 1 antibody from an elite neutralizer implicates the fusion peptide as a site of vulnerability
Abstract: The induction by vaccination of broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) capable of neutralizing various HIV-1 viral strains is challenging, but understanding how a subset of HIV-infected individuals develops bNAbs may guide immunization strategies. Here, we describe the isolation and characterization of the bNAb ACS202 from an elite neutralizer that recognizes a new, trimer-specific and cleavage-dependent epitope at the gp120-gp41 interface of the envelope glycoprotein (Env), involving the glycan N88 and the gp41 fusion peptide. In addition, an Env trimer, AMC011 SOSIP.v4.2, based on early virus isolates from the same elite neutralizer, was constructed, and its structure by cryo-electron microscopy at 6.2 Å resolution reveals a closed, pre-fusion conformation similar to that of the BG505 SOSIP.664 trimer. The availability of a native-like Env trimer and a bNAb from the same elite neutralizer provides the opportunity to design vaccination strategies aimed at generating similar bNAbs against a key functional site on HIV-1.
Date: 1970-08-22
Year: 2018
Journal: Nat Microbiol
PMID Author: van Gils MJ, van den Kerkhof TL, Ozorowski G, Cottrell CA, Sok D, Pauthner M, Pallesen J, de Val N, Yasmeen A, de Taeye SW, Schorcht A, Gumbs S, Johanna I, Saye-Francisco K, Liang CH, Landais E, Nie X, Pritchard LK, Crispin M, Kelsoe G, Wilson IA, Schuitemaker H, Klasse PJ, Moore JP, Burton DR, Ward AB, Sanders RW
PMC Link #: PMC5372380

Media Contacts

Africa

Ethel Makila
+254 71 904 3142
EMakila@iavi.org

 

Europe

Hester Kuipers
+31 20 521 0343
HKuipers@iavi.org 

 

Global

Anita Kawatra
+1 212 847 1055
AKawatra@iavi.org 

 

India

Saif ul Hadi
+91 11 4737 6032
SulHadi@iavi.org 

 

United States

Rose Catlos
+1 212 847 1049
RCatlos@iavi.org